If things seemed to happening too quickly, they were confused
still further when a new calender was introduced that would be
used until 1805. The new calendar had 12 months of 30 days (Vendémiaire,
Brumaire, Frimaire, Nivôse, Pluviôse, Ventôse, Germinal, Floréal,
Prairial, Messidor, Thermidor and Fructidor). The five extra days
were designated as feast days called sans-culottides and in leap
year, the last day of the year was Revolution Day. Every 10th
day was a day of rest.
was executed in October; churches in Paris were closed the next
month and, by the end of the year, the Revolutionary Government
was established. Slavery was abolished the next year but the turmoil
of the Revolution meant that the revolutionaries were merely in
charge of a hurricane.
Danton was arrested on charges of conspiracy and guillotined.
Robespierre might have been a truly frightening figure, with excesses
that frightened the people; but people power prevailed and he
was arrested, tried and executed in July. With his overthrow,
the Reign of Terror ended.
In the years
that followed, France was in turmoil. The Reign of Terror might
have been ended, the Government might have been reorganised, but
the country was plagued by corruption and was essentially bankrupt.
Enter Napoleon Bonaparte, who had risen during the Revolution.
He gained in power until establishing his empire in 1804. The
bourgeoisie had triumphed in the end.
words Copyright 2000-2007 ScarletPimpernel.com. All rights reserved.