If the Monarchy wasn't in enough peril, the King's apartments
at the Tuileries palace were stormed by 20,000 armed people calling
themselves the sans-culottes (without fine clothes; ordinary people).
Their actions, along with threats from the Austrians, led the
Legislative Assembly to decree La Patrie en Danger (The Country
in Danger). Arms were distributed to all citizens.
the Tuileries was once again stormed and this time the monarchy
was overthrown. Georges Jacques Danton, known as the "voice of
the revolution" was the Minister of Justice. He and Jean Paul
Marat dominated the Paris commune that seized police power.
22 the national Convention met in Paris and proclaimed a republic.
In 1793, Louis XVI was tried for treason and executed on January
21. In March the Revolutionary Tribunal was created, as was the
Committee of Public Safety the following month. Danton led the
Committee until his departure in July, which heralded the arrival
of Maximilien Robespierre, who began the bloody period of French
history known as the Reign of Terror. The Law of Suspects was
defined. It said who could be arrested for treason and, as a result,
several thousand were guillotined.
July was also
when Jacobin supporter Marat was murdered in his bath by Charlotte
Corday, a Girondist sympathiser (the two revolutionary groups
disagreed). Corday was caught and guillotined.
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